How Brexit will affect Premier League football

From work permits to transfer fees to global appeal, there’s no doubting that the UK’s exit from the EU will impact English football’s top tier

The Premier League may exist in a bubble detached from the rest of society for the most part, but not even ‘The Best League in the World’ will be shielded from the consequences of the United Kingdom (UK) leaving the European Union (EU).

League officials and various club chiefs have not been shy in airing their concerns about the potential ramifications of Brexit for football in the country, but plenty of confusion still exists, with the British government locked in negotiations with the EU over the precise terms of the severance.

Unsurprisingly, the crippling uncertainty has only served to compound issues and those associated with British football – like those in every other industry in the country – are eager for their political representatives to arrive at the best possible outcome for their business.

What is Brexit?

Brexit is the term used to describe the withdrawal of the UK from the EU. It is a portmanteau of the words ‘British’ and ‘exit’.

The question of EU membership was put before the British people in a referendum, which was held in June 2016. A narrow majority of 51.9 percent were in favor of leaving the union.

Interestingly, while the term became widely used in the lead up to the vote in 2015 and 2016, its origins actually stretch back as far as 2012 according to the Oxford English Dictionary.

It will come as no surprise to learn that all 20 Premier League clubs were against Brexit back in 2016.

The division’s chairman Richard Scudamore remarked in an interview with BBC Radio 5 Live that the campaign to leave the EU was “completely incongruous” with the “openness” he felt was represented at the summit of the English football pyramid. However, the outcome of the referendum means that Scudamore and the Premier League will now have to navigate through the volatile terrain.

While we don’t really know exactly how Brexit will affect the Premier League yet, there are a couple of potential scenarios that are likely to emerge, which gives us a clearer picture of what would probably happen.

As negotiations stall, the British government is currently in limbo over whether it will be able to deliver a ‘Hard Brexit’ or a ‘Soft Brexit’. A ‘hard’ exit from the EU would see the return of tighter regulations regarding the movement of goods and people, whereas a ‘soft’ exit would result in less stringent measures.

So how could it play out?

Transfers and recruitment

As far as the Premier League is concerned, the chief matter of concern is how immigration will be dealt with after Brexit is finalized, with the free movement of people being a crucial aspect of the modern game.

For Premier League clubs, particularly those at the top end, dealing in the transfer market is a key consideration in the pursuit of success, but any restrictions on the free movement of people arising from Brexit would inevitably create problems.

After Brexit, it is possible that footballers from EU countries – Germany, France or Spain, say – who is wanted by the likes of Manchester United or Arsenal may be treated in the same way as non-EU or (European Economic Area (EEA) footballers currently are.

That means they will have to satisfy certain criteria or receive an exemption in order to obtain a work permit, which would then allow them to work in the UK as employees of a football club.

Back in 2016, the BBC established that 332 players in the Premier League, Championship and Scottish Premiership would not satisfy these requirements.

Furthermore, leaving the EU means that clubs in the UK will subsequently find it much more difficult to recruit European players under the age of 18 for their academies.

FIFA’s regulations on the protection of minors allow for the international transfer of footballers between the ages of 16 and 18 if they are moving between clubs that are both based in the territory of the EU. By the time Brexit is complete the UK will no longer be within the EU’s territory, which would, for example, prohibit the next Cesc Fabregas from joining Arsenal from Barcelona.

Of course, footballers are not the only individuals who would fall under this umbrella. The past two decades have witnessed an influx of coaches from Europe into the Premier League and currently, of the 20 clubs, 14 currently have a non-British coach at the helm.

As well as coaches and players, the football industry has long utilized the labor and expertise of EU workers at all levels. These individuals will also be faced with the same restrictions.

Financial implications

As well as the long-term effects of not being able to freely recruit the best footballers from around Europe, Premier League clubs will also have to contend with financial drawbacks due to Brexit.

Indeed, the initial tremors caused by the UK’s vote to leave the EU have already been affecting clubs according to Burnley chairman Mike Garlick, who has noted that the diminishing value of the pound against the euro making it more difficult for British clubs to sign players in a competitive market.

Garlick said, per the BBC, that Brexit “threatens to make the widening inequality gap in our top division even worse”.

Damage to global image and appeal?

Since the emergence of the Premier League in 1992, England’s top division has grown considerably in stature into a truly cosmopolitan arena where some of the best footballers from across the planet showcase their abilities.

A competition marked by increasing diversity has thrived, delivering eight clubs to the final of the Champions League since the turn of the millennium in the 2000-01 season, with three going on to lift the top prize in European club football.

When will all this happen?

Brexit was formally triggered in March 2017 and is projected to be finalized on March 29, 2019, meaning there is very little time left for British football clubs to prepare for the fallout.

If Brexit is completed by the March next year and it results in restrictions to free movement, new rules will probably come into force for the 2019-20 season.

It is possible that the date for the UK’s complete break from the EU could be extended, but that is dependent on agreement between all 28 member states.

Of course, there is a remote possibility too that Brexit may not happen at all if a second referendum is forced and the result swings towards staying in the EU. This would render all of the concerns about how the Premier League will cope moot.


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